Submit Manuscript

Submissions for Articles, Reviews, and Commentaries must be submitted via email to editor@jspinalhealth.com. Please follow the Submission Guidelines and the Manuscript Template provided to ensure that your submission proceeds smoothly.

Open Access

Upon acceptance of a manuscript, authors will be charged a one-time article processing charge (APC) to be paid by the author, institution or funder. This fee covers the cost of publication and ensures that articles will be freely available.


Submission Guidelines

  1. Article Types

1.1  Original Articles
1.2  Review Articles
1.3  Case Study/Series
1.4  Opinion Articles
1.5  Commentary Articles
1.6  Abstracts

  1. Preparing Your Manuscript

2.1  Word Processing Formats
2.2  Figures, Artwork, and Other Graphics
2.3  Title and Declarations Page
2.4  Abstract and Keywords
2.5  Materials and Methods
2.6  Abbreviations
2.7  Declarations Page
2.8  References

  1. Submitting Your Manuscript

3.1  How to Submit Your Manuscript
3.2  How to Submit Your Revised Manuscript
3.3  ORCID

  1. Editorial Policies

4.1  Peer Review
4.2  Authorship
4.3  Acknowledgements
4.4  Disclosures of Conflicting Interests
4.5  Research Ethics and Patient Consent
4.6  Clinical Trials
4.7  Privacy Statement

  1. Publishing Policies

5.1  Publishing Ethics
5.2  Plagiarism
5.3  Correction and Retraction
5.4  Publishing Agreement and Copyright Notice
5.5  Open Access and Author Archiving
5.6  Permissions

  1. Acceptance and Publication

6.1  JSHP Production
6.2  Access to Your Published Article
6.3  Online Publication

  1. Further Information

1. Article Types

JSHP editors and reviewers will make every effort to ensure the validity of published manuscripts. However, the ultimate responsibility rests with the manuscript’s authors, editors, or publisher. Please follow the JSHP submission guidelines or contact us for any questions.

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1.1  Original Articles are full-length reports of current research. The manuscript format for Original Articles includes:

  • Title Page
  • Abstract (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusion, Keywords)
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Figure(s)
  • Tables(s)
  • Abbreviations
  • Declarations

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1.2  Review Articles (including Systematic Reviews) are comprehensive analyses of specific topics. The manuscript format for Review Articles includes:

  • Title Page
  • Abstract (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusion, Keywords)
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Figure(s)
  • Tables(s)
  • Abbreviations
  • Declarations

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1.3   Case Study/Series are reports of case(s) with remarkable findings. The manuscript format for a Case Study/Series includes:

  • Title Page
  • Abstract (Introduction, Case Study/Series, Results, Conclusion, Keywords)
  • Introduction
  • Case Study/Series
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Figure(s)
  • Tables(s)
  • Abbreviations
  • Declarations

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1.4  Opinion Articles represent an opportunity to present views on a topic. The manuscript format for Opinion Articles includes:

  • Title Page
  • Abstract (Unstructured Abstract, Keywords)
  • Opinion
  • References
  • Figure(s)
  • Tables(s)
  • Abbreviations
  • Declarations

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1.5  Commentary Articles put an original article in context and expand on the relevance of an article’s findings. The manuscript format for Commentary Articles includes:

  • Title Page
  • Abstract (Unstructured Abstract, Keywords)
  • Commentary
  • References
  • Figure(s)
  • Tables(s)
  • Abbreviations
  • Declarations

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1.6  Abstracts of research articles may be submitted for publication. The manuscript format for Abstracts includes:

  • Title Page
  • Abstract (See Abstract format for respective article)
  • References
  • Figure(s)
  • Tables(s)
  • Abbreviations
  • Declarations

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2. Preparing Your Manuscript

2.1  Word processing formats

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the manuscript and any supplemental information. Manuscript document files, including tables, must be submitted in editable MS Word DOC format, not in PDF. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are MS Word DOC, XLS. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with 2.5 cm (1 in) for all margins. Please ensure your heading levels are clear, and the sections clearly defined. Text should be Times New Roman 12 point. See Manuscript Template (*** “Manuscript Template” is a hyperlink to the Manuscript Template document provided for the Journal of Spinal Health and Performance) for further explanation.

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2.2  Figures, Artwork, and Other Graphics

Figures, artwork, and graphics, should be supplied in the highest quality and in an electronic format that helps us to publish your article in the best way possible. All figures need to be de-identified/anonymized. The figures should be initially implemented into the MS Word file but have to be uploaded separately for the high quality final version. Please follow the guidelines below to enable us to prepare your artwork for anything printed as well as online.

  • Format: TIFF, PNG, JPEG are common format for pictures (containing no text or graphs). EPS is the preferred format for graphs and line art as it retains quality when enlarging or zooming in.
  • Placement and Legend: Figures, charts, and tables should be included at the end of the document. Figures (i.e., TIFF, PNG, JPEG) must also be submitted separately. Each image needs to be a separate figure and each figure needs a figure legend. In the manuscript MS doc, figure legends need to be below the respective figure. Figure legends contain patient age, gender, diagnosis, imaging technique used, a good description of the imaging findings, analyses, markings, color indicators, etc. Images labeled 1A, 1B, 1C, etc. need to be implemented into one combined collage figure. Otherwise provide separate images and for each image a chronologic figure number (1, 2, 3 etc.) with a respective figure legend.
  • Upload: Please upload all figures (named chronologically as they are referenced in the manuscript 1, 2, 3, etc.) in high quality and largest resolution all together within 1 single zip file, named “figures.zip” as a supplementary file.
  • Color: Please note that images supplied in color will be published in color.
  • Font: Text should be Times New Roman 12 point.

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2.3  Title Page

The Title Page contains the following:

  • Manuscript Title. Provide a meaningful title that addresses the specifics of the article including but not limited to:
Results
Population/Demographics studied
Diagnosis(es)
Intervention(s)/Treatment(s)
Type of Study/Article

For example:

Improvement in [SYMPTOMS] in [POPULATION/DEMOGRAPHICS] with [DIAGNOSIS(ES)] Following [INTERVENTION/TREATMENT]: A [STUDY]

  • Numbered Author List with affiliation, city, state, country for each author. Corresponding Author is denoted with **.
  • Authors are listed with first and last names, affiliation, email address, and ORCID iD. Corresponding Author is identified. Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address, and telephone numbers.
  • Authors’ Contributions
Conceptualize, design, etc. study
Investigator, treating doctor/physician, etc.
Acquire, aggregate, organize data
Organize, format figures
Data analysis
Write, draft, prepare, format, edit, review, submit, etc. manuscript
Literature research

See Manuscript Template for further explanation.

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2.4  Abstract and Keywords

The abstract should be structured, factual, and comprehensive. The use of abbreviations and acronyms should be limited and general statements (i.e., “the significance of the results is discussed”) should be avoided. Include a minimum of 5 and a maximum of 10 keywords in alphabetical order related to the article and should include diagnoses, synonyms, eponyms, anatomy involved, physiology involved, treatments/interventions, etc. below the abstract.

  • Original Articles are full-length reports of current research.
Abstract (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusion, Keywords)
  • Review Articles (including Systematic Reviews) are comprehensive analyses of specific topics.
Abstract (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusion, Keywords)
  • Case Study/Series are reports of case(s) with remarkable findings.
Abstract (Introduction, Case Study/Series, Results, Conclusion, Keywords)
  • Opinion Articles represent an opportunity to present views on a topic.
Abstract (Unstructured Abstract, Keywords)
  • Commentary Articles put an original article in context and expand on the relevance of an article’s findings.
Abstract (Unstructured Abstract, Keywords)
  • Abstracts of research articles may be submitted for publication.
Abstract (See Abstract format for respective article, Keywords)
These Abstracts may include References, Figures, and Tables

See Manuscript Template for further explanation.

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2.5  Materials and Methods

This section should contain sufficient detail so that all procedures can be reproduced and include references. Methods that have been published in detail elsewhere should not be described in detail. When materials are used, authors should provide the name of the manufacturer and their location for any specifically named equipment and instruments and all drugs should be identified by their pharmaceutical names and by their trade name if relevant. See Manuscript Template for further explanation.

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2.6  Abbreviations Page

Any abbreviation used in the article should first be written out accompanied with the abbreviation in parenthesis such as Abbreviation (ABBR). Abbreviations need to be spelled out the first time mentioned in the manuscript. Abbreviations should be avoided in the title or abstract. The Abbreviations page contains a list of abbreviations in alphabetical order of the abbreviation. See Manuscript Template for further explanation.

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2.7  Declarations Page

  • Acknowledgements if you would like to thank a person, organization, etc.
  • Disclosures (i.e., competing or conflict of financial, etc.)
  • Consent from patients or participants or legal guardians of patients or participants for submission of this manuscript for publication.
  • Human and animal rights must be addressed with the following: Ethical standards followed the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000.

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2.8  References

The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references’ information. There is no maximum of references. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the manuscript. References given in tables or figure legends must be numbered in sequence with those in text. Issue numbers and inclusive page numbers should be given for all references. If there are 6 or less authors, please list surnames and initials of all authors following Vancouver style guidelines. If there are 7 or more authors, please list only the first three names, followed by et al.  JSHP adheres to the Vancouver reference style. Please review Vancouver style guidelines on SAGE Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

References are annotated in the manuscript as the reference number in squared brackets before the sentence point [1]. For information requiring 2 consecutive and(or) more than 2 non-consecutive references from the References page, do NOT put an empty space between references [2,3,7,10,11]. For information requiring 3 or more consecutive references from the References page, place a hyphen between the first and last reference of the 3 or more consecutive references and do NOT put an empty space between references [2,3,5-8,11-19].

See Manuscript Template for further explanation.

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3. Submitting Your Manuscript

3.1  How to Submit Your Manuscript

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the manuscript and any supplemental information. Manuscript document files, including tables, must be submitted in editable MS Word DOC format, not in PDF. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are MS Word DOC, XLS. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with 2.5 cm (1 in) for all margins. Please ensure your heading levels are clear, and the sections clearly defined. Text should be Times New Roman 12 point. See Manuscript Template for further explanation. In addition to the figures, artwork, and other graphics included in the manuscript, please upload all figures (named chronologically as they are referenced in the manuscript 1, 2, 3, etc.) in high quality and largest resolution all together within 1 single zip file, named “figures.zip” as a supplementary file.

The manuscripts MS DOC file and the figures supplementary zip file are to be submitted together in the same email to editor@jspinalhealth.com. Only 1 manuscript may be submitted per email sent. Multiple submissions for different manuscripts require separate emails for each manuscript submission. The subject line must read “Manuscript Submission—Article Type”. The Article Type will be one of the following: Original Article, Review Article, Case Study, Case Series, Opinion Article, Commentary Article, or Abstract.

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3.2  How to Submit Your Revised Manuscript

JSHP Editors make a decision regarding acceptance of your manuscript based on the reviewers' evaluations. Editors may decide the following:

  • Acceptance, with or without editorial revisions.
  • Provisional Acceptance with Revision, with the author addressing concerns raised by the reviewers before a final decision is reached.
  • Rejection, typically on grounds of specialist interest, lack of novelty, insufficient conceptual advance or major technical and(or) interpretational problems.

For manuscripts that require revision, the author must address editor or reviewer concerns before a final decision is reached. ALL reviewer comments will be copied and pasted prior to the Title page of your manuscript and comment on each one respectively (point for point). We do NOT accept ANY revision without addressing ALL reviewer comments. Write your counter-comments in RED between the individual reviewer comments. Also, please mark ALL changes you made WITHIN the manuscript in RED FONT. Papers revised after a decision may NOT be submitted as new manuscripts.

Your manuscript will be assigned a Manuscript ID and the decision for your article will include the Manuscript ID. Any further correspondence regarding your submitted manuscript must be kept the same email thread with the respective Manuscript ID and decision. Do NOT upload a revision unless you have addressed ALL reviewer comments. We require that ALL reviewer comments are respected. Please provide the revision within 4 weeks, to ensure an up-to-date topic when published. Submitted manuscripts that are provisionally accepted with revision should be resolved in 2 revisions. If the second revision still contains major issues the manuscript may be rejected.

The revision peer-review process takes 3 weeks from submission of the revised manuscript. If you do not hear from us AFTER 3 weeks (not earlier), then you may inquiry the status per email in the email thread of the manuscript.

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3.3  ORCID 

ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

Authors who already have an ORCID iD will be asked to associate that to your submission in the Authors section of the Title page. An ORCID iD is not mandatory. However, we encourage any authors who do not have an ORCID iD to register and obtain one. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

If you do not already have an ORCID iD and would like to register for one, please follow the ORCID iD link to create one.

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4. Editorial Policies

4.1  Peer Review 

JSHP operates a double-blind reviewing policy in which the authors’ identities are concealed from the reviewers and the reviewers’ identities are concealed from the authors. Manuscripts sent out for peer review are evaluated by at least one independent reviewer (normally three, sometimes more). Reviewers have access to all materials that may be relevant to the evaluation of the manuscript, including supplementary material.

During the submission process, authors may provide the names and contact information of recommended reviewers who could be called upon to review the manuscript or opposed reviewers who they would prefer not to review the manuscript. Providing recommended reviewers or opposed reviewers is optional. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include, but are not limited to, the reviewer having prior knowledge of the submission.

Please note that the Editors welcome and will consider recommendations made but are not obliged to invite any recommended or opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript. The Editors then make a decision based on the reviewers' evaluations:

  • Acceptance, with or without editorial revisions.
  • Provisional Acceptance with Revision, with the author addressing concerns raised by the reviewers before a final decision is reached.
  • Rejection, typically on grounds of specialist interest, lack of novelty, insufficient conceptual advance or major technical and/or interpretational problems.

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4.2  Authorship 

JSHP encourages transparency by requiring and publishing author contributions statements in all research articles. A statement of authors’ responsibilities must be included in all manuscripts specifying the contribution of every author.

The list of authors in the manuscript should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who made a significant contribution to the study and(or) manuscript and approve the submission of the manuscript. Author contributions include, but are not limited to:

  • Conceptualize, design, etc. study
  • Investigator, treating doctor/physician, etc.
  • Acquire, aggregate, organize data
  • Organize, format figures
  • Data analysis
  • Write, draft, prepare, format, edit, review, submit, etc. manuscript
  • Literature research

Large, multicenter groups that have conducted research should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should meet the criteria for authorship.

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4.3  Acknowledgements 

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgments section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person or organization who provided purely technical help, or a department chair that provided only general support. Any acknowledgements appear at the end of your article in the Declarations Page. See Manuscript Template for further explanation. 

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4.4  Disclosures of Conflicting Interests 

Conflicting Interests exist when an author has a competing interest that could influence, or be seen to do so, their responsibilities in the publication process.  Those responsibilities include academic honesty, unbiased conduct and reporting of research, and integrity of decisions or judgments. Examples of competing interests include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Financial ties.This conflict is present when an author has received or expects to receive financial benefits, gifts, or services that may influence work.
  • Academic commitments.Authors may have strong beliefs that commit them to a particular explanation, method, or idea which creates a bias in favor of or at odds with their beliefs.
  • Personal relationships.Personal relationships with family, friends, enemies, competitors, or colleagues can pose conflicting interests.
  • Political or religious beliefs.Strong political or religious conviction may pose a conflicting interest for a given publication if those political or religious issues are affirmed or challenged in the publication.
  • Institutional affiliations.A conflicting interest exists when an author is directly affiliated with an institution that may have a position or interest in the publication.

JSHP requires a declaration of conflicting interests on the Declarations Page. If no conflict exists, please state explicitly that “The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest”. If a conflict exists for some but not all authors, list the authors and respective conflicting interests followed by “all other authors declare that they have no conflict of interest”. See Manuscript Template for further explanation.

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4.5  Research Ethics and Patient Consent 

Submitted manuscripts reporting human studies should include the following in the Material and Methods section:

  • A statement confirming that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided or waived approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.
  • The full proper name of the ethical guidelines or standards that governed conduct of the study (the responsible institutional or regional committee on human experimentation) or the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.
  • For research articles, authors are also required to state in the Methods section whether participants provided informed consent.

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4.6  Clinical Trials

JSHP adheres to the ICMJE definition of clinical trial as “any research study that prospectively assigns human participants or groups of humans to one or more health-related interventions to evaluate the effects on health outcomes.” The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

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4.7  Privacy Statement 

All details about submitted manuscripts are kept confidential and no comments are issued to outside parties or organizations about manuscripts under consideration or if they are rejected. Editors are restricted to making public comments on a published article’s content and evaluation. We do not release reviewers' identities to authors, except when reviewers specifically ask to be identified.

We ask reviewers not to identify themselves to authors without the Editors' knowledge. If they wish to reveal their identities while the manuscript is under consideration, this should be done via the Editor; if this is not practicable, we ask authors to inform the Editor as soon as possible after the reviewer has revealed his or her identity. We deplore any attempt by authors to confront reviewers or try to determine their identities. Our own policy is to neither confirm nor deny any speculation about reviewers' identities, and we encourage reviewers to adopt a similar policy.

After accepting an invitation to evaluate a manuscript, reviewers must keep the manuscript and associated data confidential, and not redistribute them without the JSHP’s permission. If a reviewer asks a colleague to assist in assessing a manuscript, confidentiality must be ensured, and their names must be provided to the Journal with the final report.

Author names and email addresses entered in this journal will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

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5. Publishing Policies

5.1  Publishing Ethics

JSHP is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to maintain scientific and academic integrity and professionalism in the publishing process.

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5.2  Plagiarism

JSHP seeks to protect the rights of authors and we investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice. Copyright infringement, plagiarism, and other breaches of best practice in publication are very serious. Submitted articles should be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to:

  • Publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction);
  • Retracting the article;
  • Taking up the matter with the institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies;
  • Taking appropriate legal action.

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5.3  Correction and Retraction

Content published cannot be amended and are published record hence the original version must be preserved and changes to the paper should be made as a formal correction. If an error is noticed, a version of the correction will also be created and linked to the original article. Please note the following categories of corrections of peer-reviewed content:

  • Erratum. Notification of an important error made by the Journal that affects the publication record, integrity of the paper, reputation of the authors, or reputation of the Journal.
  • Corrigendum. Notification of an important error made by the author that affects the publication record, integrity of the paper, reputation of the authors, or reputation of the Journal.
  • Retraction. Notification of invalid results. All co-authors must sign a retraction specifying the error and stating briefly how the conclusions are affected.

Decisions about corrections are made by the Editor (sometimes with peer-reviewers) and may involve author consultation. Requests to make corrections that do not affect the paper in a significant way or impair the reader's understanding of the contribution (i.e. a spelling mistake or grammatical error) are not considered. In cases where co-authors disagree about a correction, the Editors will take advice from independent peer-reviewers and impose the appropriate correction, noting the dissenting author(s) in the text of the published version. 

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5.4  Publishing Agreement and Copyright Notice 

The publisher holds the copyright to the published articles and contents. However, the articles in this journal are open-access articles which permits reproduction and distribution, provided the original work is properly cited. The publisher and author have the right to use the text, images, and other multimedia contents from the submitted work for further usage in affiliated programs. Commercial use and derivative works are not permitted, unless explicitly allowed by the publisher. 

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5.5  Open Access and Author Archiving

JSHP offers open access publishing, and the author is paying an article processing charge. Upon acceptance of your manuscript, you will be charged a one-time article processing charge to be paid by you, your institution, or funder. This fee covers the cost of publication and ensures that your articles will be freely available in perpetuity. The full price article processing charge (APC) is $200. The discounted article processing charge for financial supporters of the Institute for Spinal Health and Performance (ISHP) is $100.

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5.6  Permissions

Authors are responsible for obtaining permissions from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures, or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.

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6. Acceptance and Publication

6.1  JSHP Production

Your JSHP Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author by email and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence, and contact details are correct, and that funding and conflict of interest statements are accurate.

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6.2  Access to Your Published Article

 JSHP provides authors with access to their final article.

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6.3  Online Publication

Online publication allows for articles to be published immediately following acceptance which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication.

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7. Further Information

For general inquiries regarding author submission guidelines or the JSHP, please contact the editor at editor@jspinalhealth.com. For any inquiries regarding a specific manuscript submitted to the JSHP, please add your questions or concerns as a Reply on the email thread for your submitted article.

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